"Shito-Ryu"

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 glossary of terms

[ Karate Terms ]  [ Karate Techniques ]  [ Counting in Japanese ]  [ Everyday Phrases ]

 

Basic Karate Terms

Budo

Martial/Military Way, Path, Road

Karate-do

Empty Hand Way, Path, Road

Kobudo

Ancient/Classical Martial Way, Path, Road of Weapons

Ryu

 

Style of Martial Arts

Dojo

Martial Arts training hall or place to practice the Way

Sensei

"One Born Before" or Teacher (Instructor)

Sempai

Senior

Kohai

Junior

Dan

Degree, grade level designation referring to black belt rank

Kyu

Class Rank below black-belt

Karate-gi

Karate uniform

Karate-obi

 

Karate belt

Ki

Intrinsic/inner energy, life force, vital force, spirit or vitality (Chinese -"Chi")

Kime

Focus (focal point) of all energies into one instant

Kiai

The co-ordination of energy in the body

Kake Goe The use of the Spirit/voice or Shout/energy

Zanshin

The "remaining mind" or “remaining spirit”

Seiza

Kneeling/sitting position

Mokuso

Meditation

Rei

 

Bow

Kihon

Basic/fundamental techniques

Kata

Pre-set forms / prescribed pattern of movement

Kumite

 

Sparring

Seiretsu!

Line up

Kiotsuke!

Attention!

Shomen ni rei!

Bow to the front of the dojo!

Sensei ni rei!

Bow to the Sensei!

Otagai ni rei!

Bow together as one!

Kamaete!

Assume stance, ready for action!

Yoi!

Ready!

Hajime!

Begin!

Mawatte!

Turn! (around)

Yame!

Stop!

Yasumi!

Rest!

Naotte!

 

Stand at ease!  Relax!

Jodan

Upper body level (head and neck)

Chudan

Middle body level (chest to waist)

Gedan

 

Lower body level (below waist)

Mae

Front

Ato Back

Migi

Right

Hidari

Left

 

 

Karate Techniques (Waza)


Counting in Japanese

ichi

1

ni

2

san

3

shi (or yon)

4

go

5

roku

6

shichi (or nana)

7

hachi

8

ku (or kyu)

9

juu

10

juu ichi

11

nijuu

20

nijuu-ichi

21

sanjuu

30

yonjuu

40

gojuu

50

hyaku

100

hyaku ichi

101

ni hyaku

200

sen

1,000

ni sen

2,000

ichi man

10,000

 

 

Everyday Phrases

Ohayo gozaimasu

Good Morning

Konnichiwa

Good Day

Konbanwa

Good Evening

Oyasuminasai

Good Night

Sayonara

Goodbye

Mata atode

See you later

Matte Wait

Kiotsukete

Take care

Sumimasen

 

Excuse me

Onegai shimasu

Please assist/guide me

Arigato Gozaimshita

Thank you

Do Itashimashite

You're welcome

Daijobu desu

 

No problem

Hai

Yes

Iie

 

No

Wakarimashita

I understand

Wakarimasen

I don't understand

Gomennasai

Sorry / Pardon me!

 

 

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