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     glossary of terms

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  • [ Karate Terms ]  [ Karate Techniques ]  [ Counting in Japanese ]  [ Everyday Phrases ]

     

    Basic Karate Terms

    Budo

    Martial/Military Way, Path, Road

    Karate-do

    Empty Hand Way, Path, Road

    Kobudo

    Ancient/Classical Martial Way, Path, Road of Weapons

    Ryu

     

    Style of Martial Arts

    Dojo

    Martial Arts training hall or place to practice the Way

    Sensei

    "One Born Before" or Teacher (Instructor)

    Sempai

    Senior

    Kohai

    Junior

    Dan

    Degree, grade level designation referring to black belt rank

    Kyu

    Class Rank below black-belt

    Karate-gi

    Karate uniform

    Karate-obi

     

    Karate belt

    Ki

    Intrinsic/inner energy, life force, vital force, spirit or vitality (Chinese -"Chi")

    Kime

    Focus (focal point) of all energies into one instant

    Kiai

    The co-ordination of energy in the body

    Kake Goe The use of the Spirit/voice or Shout/energy

    Zanshin

    The "remaining mind" or “remaining spirit?

    Seiza

    Kneeling/sitting position

    Mokuso

    Meditation

    Rei

     

    Bow

    Kihon

    Basic/fundamental techniques

    Kata

    Pre-set forms / prescribed pattern of movement

    Kumite

     

    Sparring

    Seiretsu!

    Line up

    Kiotsuke!

    Attention!

    Shomen ni rei!

    Bow to the front of the dojo!

    Sensei ni rei!

    Bow to the Sensei!

    Otagai ni rei!

    Bow together as one!

    Kamaete!

    Assume stance, ready for action!

    Yoi!

    Ready!

    Hajime!

    Begin!

    Mawatte!

    Turn! (around)

    Yame!

    Stop!

    Yasumi!

    Rest!

    Naotte!

     

    Stand at ease!  Relax!

    Jodan

    Upper body level (head and neck)

    Chudan

    Middle body level (chest to waist)

    Gedan

     

    Lower body level (below waist)

    Mae

    Front

    Ato Back

    Migi

    Right

    Hidari

    Left

     

     

    Karate Techniques (Waza)


    Counting in Japanese

    ichi

    1

    ni

    2

    san

    3

    shi (or yon)

    4

    go

    5

    roku

    6

    shichi (or nana)

    7

    hachi

    8

    ku (or kyu)

    9

    juu

    10

    juu ichi

    11

    nijuu

    20

    nijuu-ichi

    21

    sanjuu

    30

    yonjuu

    40

    gojuu

    50

    hyaku

    100

    hyaku ichi

    101

    ni hyaku

    200

    sen

    1,000

    ni sen

    2,000

    ichi man

    10,000

     

     

    Everyday Phrases

    Ohayo gozaimasu

    Good Morning

    Konnichiwa

    Good Day

    Konbanwa

    Good Evening

    Oyasuminasai

    Good Night

    Sayonara

    Goodbye

    Mata atode

    See you later

    Matte Wait

    Kiotsukete

    Take care

    Sumimasen

     

    Excuse me

    Onegai shimasu

    Please assist/guide me

    Arigato Gozaimshita

    Thank you

    Do Itashimashite

    You're welcome

    Daijobu desu

     

    No problem

    Hai

    Yes

    Iie

     

    No

    Wakarimashita

    I understand

    Wakarimasen

    I don't understand

    Gomennasai

    Sorry / Pardon me!

     

     

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