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Moscow, Russia  -  August 23-24, 2003

Information provided by Valeriy Dubinin (President of the Russian Shito-Ryu Karatedo Federation)

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Moscow Today

Moscow is one of the world’s largest megacities. Its population was 10,500,000 people in October 2002, with the territory of 878,7 square kilometers. The boundary of Moscow (since 1960) corresponds to the Moscow Ring road which is situated 17-21 kilometers away from the city centre.

Local authorities are, since 1991, Moscow Mayoralty and Moscow government.

In terms of urban ecology, Moscow was claimed to be a very clean city during the stagnation period. But recently, with positive political changes, the real situation became known: air and water pollution by chemicals is rather heavy, especially in the southern and south-eastern parts of the town. This is explained by the pattern of enterprises and by the predominant winds. Moreover, information on radioactive pollution is now available, and several strongly polluted sites have been discovered. Unfortunately, they are dispersed all over the territory of the town including its public gardens and densely populated blocks of flats ("sleeping areas").

Location and Climate

Moscow is located at 55.55'of northern latitude and 37.37' to the east of the Greenwich's meridian, in the centre of the East-European plain in the zone of mixed forests. It is intersected by the Moscow river, which takes a number of tributaries between the Oka and the Volga. The largest of the tributaries are the Yausa and Setun'.

There is a folk saying about seven hills supporting Moscow. In fact, hilly are only some parts of former Moscow area, and the highest is the south-western part of the town. Geographically, it is defined as Teplostanskaya upland; the central and eastern parts of the town's area are more flat and low, and its major part is occupied by the valley of the Moscow river with its tributaries.

The Moscow climate is moderately continental, although it is colder than in other European cities. Temperature amplitude is 28 C. The cool period of the year starts on September, 29 and ends on May, 10. Normally, the rainfall ranges within 540-650mm per year. The rainy period lasts from April to October. An estimated duration of the severe snow period is from November, 26 to April, 11. The height of the snow cover reaches 35 cm in the end of winter. Atmospheric pressure, which doesn't strongly change during the year, is 747mm. Winds in Moscow may blow in any direction, but during periods of warm weather the north-western ones prevail, while the south-western winds are proper to cool seasons.

Weather is rather unstable in Moscow, and the weather forecast service is the most common object for jokes. One of possible reasons justifying not quite reliable forecasts is considerable temperature amplitude between parts of Moscow, which may reach 10 C in spring or autumn.

People and language

More than 8mln people are living in Moscow, and more than 11mln in Moscow with its suburbs. Initially, Russians predominated, and this is true now as well, although there are some changes in proportions between Russians, Tatars, Jews and people from the Caucasus republics. Muscovites by birth are not so numerous now. Christianity is a predominant religion in Moscow. Russian Orthodox Church is most popular, other religious societies are active: Moslems, Protestants, Old-believers, Single-believers, Judaism. Each religious confession has its own church, or synagogue, or any other house for praying, as well as a school and publishing house. ct "pure" language.


Moscow, capital of Russia, is one of the most strange, miraculous and beautiful cities in the world. It has a European character incredibly mixed together with unforgettable features of old Russian city, keeps traces of all major events of Russian history and leaves no one indifferent. 

What to see in Moscow:


Kremlin                      St.Bathil's Cathedral         The Kremlin Panorama


Сathedral of Christ the Savior,   The Moscow University     New Maidens Convent


        Bol’shoy Theater           Moscow Archeological museum.           Sergiev Posad